Adenovirus is a medium size, un-enveloped virus. It uses strand displacement for replication and has oncogenes, but is not known to cause cancer in humans.
Papillomavirus is a small, icosahedral, un-enveloped virus. It pushes the cell into S-phase, which can give it oncogenic properties.
Baculovirus is a large DNA virus that uses the rolling circle mechanism to replicate. It infects arthropods and baculovirus produced proteins are currently under study for vaccines.
Polyomavirus is a small, un-enveloped, icosahedral DNA virus with a circular genome. It uses bi-directional replication. LT is its mechanism for temporal control.
Herpesvirus is a large, enveloped DNA virus that uses the rolling circle mechanism. It uses concatemers to package its genome. VP22A forms its capsid scaffolding. Herpesviruses can often go latent. They down-regulated MHCI and MHCII and can be oncogenic. The nucleoside analog, acyclovir, targets herpesvirus.
Example: EBV (Epstein-Barr Virus)
Pox is a large DNA virus that replicates in the cytoplasm. It forms three types of infectious particles. One has a single membrane. One has three membranes. One has three membranes and an actin tail.
Example: Vaccinia, Monkey Pox
Reovirus is a small, un-enveloped, dsRNA virus. Its mRNA is made in multi-layered capsids and then exported into the cytoplasm. It is capped but has no poly-A tail. It enters the cell via endocytosis and is oncolytic.
Picornavirus is a small, un-enveloped, positive sense RNA virus. It uses a polyprotein and IRES. 2A cleaves EIF4G which shuts down host translation. Poliovirus has a 1% tropism for neurons, which causes paralysis.
Flavivirus is a small, enveloped, positive sense RNA virus. Its entry into the cell is clathrin mediated endocytosis.
Example: West Nile, Dengue, Zika, Yellow Fever
Togavirus is a small, enveloped, positive sense RNA virus. It uses subgenomic promoters for structural mRNAs and uses polyproteins.
Example: Sindbis virus
Retrovirus is an enveloped, positive sense RNA virus that uses reverse transcriptase. It integrates into the host genome using reverse transcriptase. It has the potential to be oncogenic since integration into the genome is random.
Example: HIV, Rous sarcoma.
Coronavirus is an enveloped, positive sense RNA virus that uses nested mRNAs.
Example: SARS, MERS
Filovirus is an enveloped, negative sense RNA virus that is classified as a hemorrhagic fever virus that causes non fatal hemorrhage and fatal hypovolemic shock. It utilizes RNA editing.
Rhabdovirus is an enveloped, negative sense RNA virus that uses re-initiation.
Bunyavirus is an enveloped, negative sense RNA virus that uses cap snatching. It is classified as a hemorrhagic fever virus.
Example: Sin Nombre virus